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Agriculture in the United Kingdom

At June 2013 the utilised agricultural area (UAA) was 17.3 million hectares, representing 71% of the total UK land area. UAA is made up of arable and horticultural crops, uncropped arable land, common rough grazing, temporary and permanent grassland and land used for outdoor pigs. It does not include woodland and other non-agricultural land.[1]

Land use Edit

Land use - overview (hectares):

Year Total area Total crops Grassland Other land Notes
2013 18,449,000 4,665,000 12,330,000 1,453,000 [2]

Crop areas (thousand hectares):

Year Arable crops  wheat   barley     oats     rye,
mixed corn
&triticale 
rapeseed linseed potato sugar beet peas,
beans
maize Horticulture vegetables
grown
outdoors
orchard
fruit
soft fruit
&wine grapes
outdoor
plants
&flowers
glasshouse
crops
Notes
2013 4,502 1,615 1,213 177 24 715 34 139 117 147 194 163 116 23 10 12 3 [2]

Work force Edit

Year Total Farmers Managers Workers (full time) (part time) (seasonal) Notes
2013 463,708 290,418 11,069 162,221 62,805 38,541 60,875 [2]

Livestock Edit

Thousands

Year Cattle Pigs Sheeps Poultry Notes
2012 9,952 4,481 32,215 160,061 [2]

Crops Edit

2012 production:

Product Production (tonnes) Area (ha) Yield
(kilos/ha)
Seed (tonnes) Notes
Wheat 13,261,000 1,992,000 6,657 239,000 [3]
Barley 5,522,000 1,002,000 5,511 149,000 [3]
Oats 627,000 122,000 5,139 21,500 [3]
Rye 33,000 6,000 5,500 1,000 [3]
Rapeseed 2,557,000 756,000 3,382 9,295 [3]
Linseed 42,000 28,000 1,500 2,720 [3]
Potato 4,553,000 149,000 30,557 340,000 [3]
Sugar beet 7,291,000 120,000 60,758 - [3]
Peas (green) 132,500 34,553 3,834 - [3]
Cauliflowers 156,300 17,312 9,028 - [3]
Cabbages 267,600 10,529 25,415 - [3]
Carrots 663,700 10,859 61,119 [3]
Lettuce 122,000 6,106 19,980 - [3]
Onions (dry) 373,610 8,859 42,172 - [3]
Onions (green) 14,400 1,672 8,612 - [3]
Asparagus 5,400 1,990 2,713 - [3]
Leeks 37,130 1,759 21,108 - [3]
Tomato 83,500 208 401,442 - [3]
Cucumbers 63,300 115 550,434 - [3]
Parsnips - 3,210 - - [4]
Beetroot - 1,677 - - [4]
Celery - 885 - - [4]
Rhubarb - 430 - - [4]
Apple 202,900 15,935 12,733 - [3]
Strawberry 95,700 4,650 20,580 - [3]
Raspberry 15,100 1,616 9,344 - [3]
Pear 25,800 1,470 17,551 - [3]
Plum 5,600 840 6,666 - [3]
Cherry 1,660 609 2,725 - [3]
Grape 1,000 640 1,562 - [3]
Vegetables, fresh nes 74,000 15,110 4,897 - [3]

Fruits Edit

The Fruit Growing industry includes some 6,350 fruit growers, growing some 395,000 tonnes of fruit a year. Soft fruit, particularly strawberries and raspberries, are the most common fruit grown in the United Kingdom. Apples, including those used for eating, cooking and cider production, are also widely grown, as well as pears, plums and cherries. The industry only produces about 10% of the fruit consumed in the United Kingdom, with bananas, oranges and tropical fruit unsuitable for British conditions.[5]

Subventions Edit

The owners of Britain's agricultural plot are now (2011) the beneficiaries of an annual subsidy that may run as high as £23,000 each, totalling between £3.5bn and £5bn a year.[6] Urban dwellers, on the other hand, pay about £35bn in land-related taxes.[6]

Taxes Edit

Urban dwellers pay about £35bn in land-related taxes.[6] Rural landowners receive a handout of roughly £83 per acre, while urban dwellers pay about £18,000 for each acre they hold, an average of £1,800 per dwelling, the average dwelling standing on one-tenth of an acre.[6]

References Edit

  1. Agriculture in the United Kingdom 2013, DEFRA
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 annual time series: 1984 to 2013 (MS Excel Spreadsheet, 275KB), DEFRA - found here
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 3.25 3.26 FAOSTAT: Production-Crops-Yields, 1961-2013, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Basic horticultural statistics - dataset - from Basic horticultural statistics 2014, DEFRA
  5. Fruit Growing in the UK: Market Research Report, ibisworld.co.uk
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 The great property swindle: why do so few people in Britain own so much of our land?, 11 MARCH 2011, Kevin Cahill, newstatesman.com

External links Edit

Fruits


Agriculture by country (v)
Australia * Canada * Ireland * New Zealand * United Kingdom * United States * Spain * Chile

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